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Greenland is one of the largest islands in the world and is mostly covered by an ice cap of more than 2.5 million cubic km. The effects of climate change due to global warming are most visible at Greenland, where the ice cap is melting at a very fast rate.
The ice cap of Greenland constitutes one tenth of the fresh water reserves on earth. If the ice cap would melt completely, the ocean levels would rise by over 7 meters, flooding major coastal cities like New York. Over the last three decades , area of the ice cap which has been melting has increased by 30% and about 125 cubic km of ice are lost every year.
Due to climate change, the winter temperatures on the ice cap of Greenland have increased by about 5 degrees Celsius, spring and autumn temperatures have increased by about 3 degrees Celsius. Summer temperatures have remained unchanged.
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